MICHELANGELO

Sculpture Fresco Painting Architecture

Born in Caprese ( Florence ) on march 6, 1475 died in Rome on February 18, 1564. Considered together with Leonardo da Vinci and Raphael the best artist of the Renaissance, was painter, sculptor, architect and engineer.
Michelangelo was prodigiously excelling in every field and through his long life has produced a large volume of correspondence, sketches, and reminiscences that makes of him the best-documented artist of the 16th century. The scenes from Genesis on the ceiling and The Last Judgment on the altar wall of the Sistine Chapel are two milestones in the history of Western art. Michelangelo was the first Western artist whose biography was published while he was alive by his colleague and friend Giorgio Vasari.

Michelangelo masterworks

Masterworks

The Genesis
Michelangelo painted 12,000 square feet of the chapel ceiling between 1508 and 1512. He resented the commission, and believed his work only served the Pope’s need for grandeur.The frescoes are one of the most renowned artworks of the High Renaissance.Central to the ceiling decoration are nine scenes from the Book of Genesis of which, the Creation of Adam is the best known.

The Last Judgment
The work is massive and spans the entire wall behind the altar of the Sistine Chapel. It was executed from 1537 to 1541. The Last Judgment is a depiction of the second coming of Christ and the apocalypse. The souls of humans rise and descend to their fates, as judged by Christ surrounded by his saints.

The Pietà
This famous work of art depicts the body of Jesus on the lap of his mother Mary after the Crucifixion. The theme is of Northern origin, popular by that time in France but not yet in Italy. Michelangelo’s interpretation of the Pietà is unique to the precedents. It is an important work as it balances the Renaissance ideals of classical beauty with naturalism. The statue is one of the most highly finished works by Michelangelo.

The Moses
The tomb of Julius II, a colossal structure that would have given Michelangelo the room he needed for his superhuman, tragic beings, became one of the great disappointments of Michelangelo’s life when the pope, for unexplained reasons, interrupted the commission, possibly because funds had to be diverted for Bramante’s rebuilding of St. Peter’s. The original project called for a freestanding, three-level structure with some 40 statues. After the pope’s death in 1513, the scale of the project was reduced step-by-step until, in 1542, a final contract specified a simple wall tomb with fewer than one-third of the originally planned figures.

St. Peter’s Dome
The dome of St. Peter’s rises to a total height of 136.57 metres (448.1 ft) from the floor of the basilica to the top of the external cross. It is the tallest dome in the world. Michelangelo redesigned the dome in 1547, taking into account all that had gone before. His dome, like that of Florence, is constructed of two shells of brick, the outer one having 16 stone ribs.

The Capitol
The existing design of the Piazza del Campidoglio and the surrounding palazzos was created by Michelangelo in 1536–1546. At the height of his fame he was commissioned by the Farnese Pope Paul III, who wanted a symbol of the new Rome to impress Charles V, who was expected in 1538.

Saint Mary of the Angels
The thermae of Diocletian dominating the Quirinal Hill with their ruined mass have been transformed by the master under Pope Pius IV, whose tomb is in the apsidal tribune that culminates the series of spaces. Michelangelo Buonarroti worked from 1563 to 1566 to adapt a section of the remaining structure of the baths to enclose a church.

Christ the Redeemer
Commissioned in June 1514, by the Roman patrician Metello Vari, who stipulated only that the nude standing figure would have the Cross in his arms, but left the composition entirely to Michelangelo. The work is in the church of Santa Maria sopra Minerva.

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